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YouthLinks: Resources for Youth
PublicLinks: Resources for the Public
ProLinks: Resources for Professionals

YouthLinks: Resources for Youth

The Aboriginal Youth Network
http://www.ayn.ca/band_home.asp
AYN provides a place where Aboriginal youth can find information to use in their everyday lives. The focus is on current events, expression of ideas, involvement in the community, remedying disadvantages that aboriginal peoples face, and providing communications tools among aboriginal youth.

Go Ask Alice!
http://www.goaskalice.columbia.edu
The mission of Go Ask Alice! is to increase access to, and use of, health information by providing factual, in-depth, straight-forward, and nonjudgmental information to assist readers' decision-making about their physical, sexual, emotional, and spiritual health. "Alice!" answers questions about relationships; sexuality; sexual health; emotional health; fitness; nutrition; alcohol, nicotine, and other drugs; and, general health.

McCreary Centre Society
http://www.mcs.bc.ca/rs_facts.htm
Health fact sheets and statistics about youth in British Columbia Canada.

National Association of Friendship Centres
http://www.nafc-aboriginal.com/pages/testcan.html
The site advocates NAFC promotes and advocates the concerns of Aboriginal Peoples and represents the needs of local Friendship Centres across the country to the federal government and to the public in general.

Paul and Lisa Program Inc
http://www.paulandlisa.org
Offers a prevention and intervention service for prostituted children. Works to increase public awareness.

PEERS (Prostitutes Empowerment Education and Resource Society)
http://www.peers.bc.ca/
Support, resources and programs for sex trade workers. It also educates the public about sexual exploitation, sex trade work and those involved.

Senator Landon Pearson
http://www.sen.parl.gc.ca/lpearson/action-e.htm
Our honorary patron’s website is a good source of Canadian and International information. The Declaration and Agenda for Action posted on this site expresses ideas of experiential youth for ending child and youth sexual exploitation.

Urban Native Youth Association
http://www.unya.bc.ca/
UNYA helps Native youth in the urban setting. It is part of the youth community, giving young people a say in changes to services that will affect them. Youth involvement in the development of youth services is necessary for the creation of effective delivery models.

Youth Advocate Program International
http://www.yapi.org

This organization works with and for young people worldwide, giving voice and visibility to new ways of improving the lives of children in the 21st century. Our program priorities include advocacy, education and youth participation on issues such as child labor and the commercial sexual exploitation of children.

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PublicLinks: Resources for the Public

Gather information about the issue:

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989)
http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/k2crc.htm
The most widely accepted human rights document ever. It says that every child has the right to a life with dignity, free from exploitation and abuse, and that children’s rights need special protection.

Declaration and Agenda for Action (1998)
http://www.sen.parl.gc.ca/lpearson/action-e.htm
ICCEC puts into action the Declaration and Agenda created by 55 young participants at Out From The Shadows: First International Summit of Exploited Youth. The Summit was co-hosted by Senator Landon Pearson and Cherry Kingsley. You can view reports from the Summit, along with Canada’s National Plan of Action for Children, on Senator Pearson’s website:
http://www.sen.parl.gc.ca/lpearson/action-e.htm

2nd World Congress Against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (2001)
http://www.unicef.org/events/yokohama/
The Congress drew attention to the plight of children in the world sex trade, reviewed progress made since the first World Congress and developed new ways to protect children from sexual exploitation.

UNICEF The State of the World's Children (2003)
http://www.unicef.org/publications/index_4810.html
This report showcases examples from every region of the world of how things are different when children’s viewpoints are taken into account. The report presents economic and social indicators on the well being of children worldwide.

21st Century Slaves. National Geographic Magazine. (September 2003)
http://magma.nationalgeographic.com/ngm/0309/feature1/index.html
“The modern commerce in humans rivals illegal drug trafficking in its global reach—and in the destruction of lives.” Andrew Cockburn’s online article includes an interactive world map showing the global reach of modern-day slavery and how different countries deal with the issue.

Trafficking in Persons Report (2003)
http://www.state.gov/g/tip/rls/tiprpt/2003/
US Secretary of State Colin Powell says “the report details international and U.S. efforts to end trafficking in persons, to protect and help victims, and prosecute those who treat people like commodities or keep them in slave-like conditions.”

Protection Project
http://www.protectionproject.org/main1.htm
Information about trafficking of persons, with a particular emphasis on trafficking of women and girls.

Beyond Borders
http://www.beyondborders.org
The Canadian Affiliate of ECPAT International, dedicated to stopping all forms of child sexual exploitation.

Write an elected official to express your outrage:

Government of Canada-Senators and Members-House of Commons
http://www.parl.gc.ca/common/SenatorsMembers_House.asp?Language=E&Sect=hoccur
To obtain constituency address, telephone, and fax details about any Member of Parliament and to find out who is your MP call: 1-800-667-3355. E-mail any MP: "Surname"."First initial"@parl.gc.ca Write your MP at: House of Commons, Ottawa, Ontario, K1AO86 (no stamp need to mail to a MP).


Congress.Org
http://www.congress.org/congressorg/home/
Provides contact information about US state and federal elected representatives, as well as information about bills before congress, issue and action alerts.

The United Kingdom Parliament
http://www.parliament.uk/directories/directories.cfm
Directories of MPs, Peers and Offices.

Parliament of Australia
http://www.aph.gov.au/index.htm
Contact information for senators and members of the House of Representatives, along with access to information from parliamentary sources.

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ProLinks: Resources for Professionals

• Advocacy
• Rights
• Research
• Policy/Legislation/Justice
• International Protocols
• Readings
• Miscellaneous

Advocacy

Aboriginal Healing Fund
http://www.ahf.ca

Canandian National Coalitionof Experiental Women
http://www.cncew.ca

Casa Alianza
http://www.casa-alianza.org/EN/index-en.shtml
Information on street children in Central America.

Child Focus
http://www.childfocus.org
European centre for missing and sexually exploited children based in Brussels.

ECPAT (Eliminate Child Prostitution, Child Pornography & Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes)
http://www.ecpat.net
Network of organizations and individuals working together for the elimination of child prostitution, child pornography, and trafficking of children for sexual purposes.

Focal Point Against Sexual Exploitation of Children
http://www.focalpointngo.org

International Save the Children Alliance
Great Britain http://www.savethechildren.net
Norway http://www.reddbarna.no
Sweden http://www.rb.se

International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect
http://www.ispcan.org

PEERS (Prostitutes’ Empowerment, Education and Resource Society)
http://www.peers.bc.ca

Society for Children and Youth
http://www.scyofbc.org

UNICEF Child Protection: Trafficking and sexual exploitation
http://www.unicef.org/protection/index_exploitation.html

World Tourism Organization (WTO)
http://www.world-tourism.org/protect_children/index.htm
Task force to protect children from sexual exploitation in tourism

Rights

Child Rights Information Network (CRIN)
http://www.crin.org

Human Rights Internet
http://www.hri.ca

International Bureau for Children’s Rights
http://www.ibcr.org

International Institute for Child Rights and Development
http://web.uvic.ca/iicrd/index.html

International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC)
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/ipec/index.htm

Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and UN Committee for the Rights of the Child
http://www.unhcchr.ch

Research

Childwatch International Research Network
http://www.childwatch.uio.no

The FREDA Centre for Research on Violence against Women and Children
http://www.harbour.sfu.ca/freda

McCreary Centre Society
http://www.mcs.bc.ca
Reports about street youth and homeless youth in Vancouver Canada.

UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre (formerly known as the International Child Development Centre)
http://www.unicef-icdc.org

The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in the US, Canada and Mexico
http://caster.ssw.upenn.edu/~restes/CSEC.htm

Policy/Legislation/Justice

Defence for Children International
http://www.defence-for-children.org

Interpol
http://www.interpol.int

National Crime Prevention Centre, Justice Canada
http://www.prevention.gc.ca

Parliament of Canada
http://www.parl.gc.ca

Parliament of Canada – Bills passed are available at
http://www.parl.gc.ca/37/2/parlbus/chambus/house/bills/government/
C-20/C-20_1/C-20_cover-E.html

Manitoba Strategy Responding to Children and Youth at Risk of, or Survivors of, Sexual Exploitation
http://www.gov.mb.ca/fs/childfam/strategy_on_sexual_exploitation.html

Department of Justice, Canada-Family Violence Initiative
http://canada.justice.gc.ca/en/ps/fm/policy.html

Department of Justice, Canada-United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child
http://canada.justice.gc.ca/en/news/nr/2003/doc_30988.html

Highlights of Federal Government Initiatives to Address Violence Against Women
http://www.eurowrc.org/01.eurowrc/04.eurowrc_en/09.en_ewrc.htm

United States Department of Justice-Child Exploitation and Obscenity Section
http://www.usdoj.gov/criminal/ceos/internatl.htm

LIst of sites with legal information on child pornography
http://directory.google.com/Top/Society/Crime/Sex_Offenses/
Child_Pornography/Legal_Information/

International Protocols

Optional Protocol to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography
http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu2/dopchild.htm
The U.N. General Assembly adopted the Optional Protocol in May 2000. The Protocol requires State Parties to: prohibit the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography through criminal or penal legislation; enhance international cooperation; seize and confiscate goods used in the commission of child offences; develop public awareness measures; and put in place measures for the protection of child victims. In Canada, both federal and provincial/territorial laws address these obligations. The federal government has consulted extensively with provincial and territorial governments to seek support for Canada's signing of the Optional Protocol. One hundred five countries have already signed it, and 42 (including the U.S.) have ratified it.

International Labor Organization Convention 182
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/ipec/ratification/convention/text.htm
Adopted in 1999 and ratified by the U.S. in 2000, provides that State parties shall take immediate and effective measures to prohibit and eliminate the worst forms of child labor, including child prostitution and pornography.

The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children
http://www.unodc.org/unodc/trafficking_protocol.html
Supplements the UN Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime. This protocol was adopted by the United Nations in November 2000 and signed by the United States in December 2000, at the first opportunity to do so.

Readings

All readings are available electronically:

Commercial Sexual Exploitation: Innovative Ideas for Working with Children and Youth (2002)
http://www.mcf.gov.bc.ca/publications/youth.htm
Completed by the Justice Institute of British Columbia, this report covers the legal meaning of ‘commercial sexual exploitation’, rights of children and youth, understanding the issue, determinants of risk, a continuum of services, guiding principals for program design and delivery, and examples of innovative programs.

Dispelling Myths and Understanding Realities: Working Conditions, Health Status and Exiting Experiences of Sex Workers (2001)
http://www.peers.bc.ca/images/DispMythsshort.pdf
Interviews and research project with 201 current and former sex trade workers done collaboratively by the Prostitutes’ Empowerment, Education and Resource Society (PEERS) and Dr. Cecilia Benoit, Department of Sociology, University of Victoria.

Good Practices in Combating CSEC
http://www.ecpat.net/eng/CSEC/good_practices/index.asp
This index is divided into sextions: cooperation and coordination; prevention; protection; recovery; rehabilitation and reintegration; and child participation. Each section identifies a number of reports from around the world and provides links to pdf versions.

Sacred Lives: Canadian Aboriginal Children and Youth Speak Out About Sexual Exploitation (2001)
http://www.savethechildren.ca/en/whatwedo/pdf/sacredlives.pdf
This is a report of consultations with 150 at-risk Aboriginal children and youth in 22 communities across Canada. Conducted by two young Aboriginal women, Cherry Kingsley and Melanie Mark, it highlights a crisis and then voices the recommendations of youth to address it.

Sexual Exploitation of Youth in British Columbia (2000)
http://www.mcf.gov.bc.ca/youth/sex_exploit.pdf
A compilation of three reports commissioned by the Assistant Deputy Ministers’ Committee on Prostitution and the Sexual Exploitation of Youth.

Strolling Away (2002)
http://www.canada.justice.gc.ca/en/ps/rs/rep/201-e.html#s
A ten year follow-up study (initial research entitled The Youngest Profession – The Oldest Oppression) with 38 of an original 50 sex trade workers in Calgary by Dr. Sue McIntyre.

The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in the US (2001)
http://www.caster.ssw.upenn.edu~restes/CCEC_Files/Appendix_010910.pdf

Written by Dr. Richard J. Estes and Neil Alan Weiner of the University of Pennsylvania, this report represents one portion of a project intended to eventually include the commercial sexual exploitation of children in Canada and Mexico as well.

The Global Report: International Dimensions of Sexual Exploitation of Children
http://www.ibcr.org/globalreport.pdf
Report on a series of hearings held to shed light on the issue, it provides a firm judicial witness to the need of supporting and reinforcing through action, the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.

The Psychological Rehabilitation of Children Who Have Been Commercially Sexually Exploited: Self Study Materials for Carers
http://www.ecpat.net/eng/Ecpat_inter/Publication/Other/English/
Pdf_page/ecpat_selfstudy_material.pdf

This self study package is designed for centres for street children and abused young people around the world that find themselves taking on new staff without having the resources or opportunity for training.

Unbearable to the Human Heart: Child Trafficking and Action to Eliminate It
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/ipec/publ/childtraf/unbearable.pdf
Produced by the International Labour Office, International Labour Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour, to sound an alarm on the global issue of child trafficking, and to support the urgent need to act to end it.

Miscellaneous

Campaign 2000: A campaign to end child poverty in Canada
http://www.campaign2000.ca

Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse
http://www.ccsa.ca

Guide to Healthy Canadians: A Guide for Positive Child Development
http://www.growinghealthykids.com

Official web site locator for the United Nations System of organizations
http://www.unsystem.org/

UNICEF
http://www.unicef.org

Union of International Associations
http://www.uia.org

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© 2004 International Centre to Combat Exploitation of Children